What Snakes Are Red? 17 Species With Pictures

Red snakes are found all over the world.

Some of the largest red snakes are found in Central and South America.

The Amazon is one of the rainforests where red snakes are found in high numbers.

Red snakes can be both venomous and non-venomous.

Most red snake species are also found in other morphs.

Some have a uniform red coloring while others have a multi-colored body that’s also red as the following species.

1. Green Tree Python – Red Snake with White Spots

Green Tree Python

Scientific name: Morelia viridis

Common name: Green tree python

The Green Tree Python is known for its various tropical morphs. It comes in a red coloration with cream spots on the dorsal.

It’s believed the coloration of Green Tree Pythons is influenced by the camouflage needs of this species.

As young snakes, Green Tree Pythons live on the edge of the rainforest.

They have a yellow color to help blend in with these habitats.

As adults, they can have a red color which helps them blend in with the vegetation and the soil color in the rainforest.

These snakes are common in parts of Australia, New Guinea, and Indonesia. You can find these pythons on tree branches.

They can climb and their coiled bodies are seen resting on branches high above the floor.

As pythons, these snakes grow to a size of up to a few feet.

2. Rainbow boa

Rainbow boa

Scientific name: Epicrates cenchria

Common name: Rainbow boa, slender boa

Rainbow boas are some of the most popular snakes in the snake pet industry for their multiple morphs.

The Brazilian Rainbow boa is one of the red morphs of this species.

Its vibrant red color and the 3 stripes on its head make it look like a rare species.

This snake is common in Central and South America.

It lives in various rainforest habitats from Costa Rica to Brazil.

This species is also found in open land such as savannahs.

It might be difficult to spot in the rainforest as it spends the day hiding as a nocturnal species.

3. Red Coffee Snake

Ninia sebae
Red Coffee Snake. Image by Daniel Pineda Vera via inaturalist

Scientific name: Ninia sebae

Common name: Red coffee snake, redback coffee snake

Common in Central America, the Red Coffee snake is also mostly red.

It has atypical scale shapes and it can be interpreted as a species that tries to mimic Coral snakes.

However, most of its body is uniform red while its head is both red and yellow.

Snakes of this genus aren’t venomous.

They are known to feed on slugs in forests and savannahs.

This snake species is well-adapted to living at high altitudes. It lives in habitats at over 7.000 feet.

The Red Coffee snake is a species that knows to play dead whenever it sees a large predator.

4. Eastern Milksnake – Red Snake with White Stripes

Eastern Milksnake

Scientific name: Lampropeltis triangulum

Common name: Eastern milksnake, milk snake, milksnake

The Eastern Milksnake is a species known for its red, black, and white bands across its body.

Snakes of this genus are known for living in the South. Some people believe it drinks milk from cows, which is false.

This species is found in suburban and rural areas on farms and crops.

Rodents are among its preferred prey that lives on farms as there’s plenty of food for the small mammals.

Eastern Milksnakes are also found on open land and at the margins of forests.

These snakes grow to an average of 25-27 inches being a common species in the snake pet industry given their docile nature and reduced size.

Mostly eating rodents, this species mates in the summer.

Young Eastern Milksnakes emerge in the fall.

This species overwinters in rodent burrows.

5. Forest Flame Snake

Oxyrhopus petolarius
Forest Flame Snake. Image by Hersson Ramírez via inaturalist

Scientific name: Oxyrhopus petolarius

Common name: forest flame snake, false coral, calico snake

Forest Flame snakes have alternating black, red, and white bands across their bodies.

Forest Flame snakes are common in the rainforests of South America.

It’s a venomous species considered dangerous. Its venom is lethal to small animals such as lizards which are paralyzed by the snake’s bite.

Forest Flame Snakes are well-adapted to various forest habitats, including those at high altitudes.

Like other red snakes living in the rainforest, the Forest Flame snake can live at altitudes above 7.000 feet.

This species can grow to a maximum size of 36 inches and this influences the type of prey it can go after.

Forest Flame snakes mostly eat small mammals, small birds, and small eggs.

The light-colored crossbands make this snake species resemble coral snakes. However, its black head makes for easy species differentiation.

6. Scarlet Kingsnake

Lampropeltis elapsoides
Scarlet Kingsnake. Image by evangrimes via inaturalist

Scientific name: Lampropeltis elapsoides

Common name: scarlet kingsnake, scarlet milk snake

Scarlet Kingsnakes grow to a maximum body length of 20 inches.

The species resembled venomous coral snakes but Scarlet Kingsnakes aren’t venomous.

Known as nocturnal species, Scarlet Kingsnakes are identified by their large red bands along their body together with narrower black and yellow bands.

The snakes have an evolving diet as they reach adulthood.

From small lizards to large mammals, these snakes constrict and kill almost any type of small prey.

Scarlet Kingsnakes aren’t generally aggressive if not handled.

They bite repeatedly when handled.

These snakes can also release a foul smell when handled.

Scarlet Kingsnakes generally avoid people. They start to vibrate their tails whenever humans approach to keep them at a safe distance.

7. Variable Coralsnake

Variable Coralsnake

Scientific name: Micrurus diastema

Common name: variable coralsnake

Part of the Elapidae family, the Variable Coralsnake is a venomous red snake.

Most of its body is red with narrow black bands around it. This snake species also has yellow markings on its head.

There are multiple subspecies of the Variable Coralsnake, most of them in Central America.

This snake is native to Guatemala, Honduras, and other Central American countries.

The species is venomous and should not be handled.

Variable Coralsankes can bite repeatedly.

All of its bites should be treated seriously. The bitten needs to be washed with soap and water before going to the nearest hospital.

8. Red Mountain Ratsnake

Red Mountain Ratsnake

Scientific name: Oreocryptophis porphyraceus

Common name: Red Mountain Ratsnake, black-banded trinket snake, red bamboo snake, Thai bamboo rat snake, red mountain racer

The Red Mountain Ratsnake is also known as the Red bamboo snake.

It has a mostly red body with dark stripes that run from head to tail. India is the country that has the most Red Mountain Ratsnakes.

These snakes prefer to live at high altitudes in areas with high humidity. This means the Red Mountain Ratsnake is found in rainforest areas.

The remote habitat of this species doesn’t mean it moves around freely. Snakes of this genus hide under leaves at ground level.

They are often found under rocks or leaves in the rainforests of India, Indonesia, or Laos.

Frogs are abundant in rainforests and are one of the preferred prey of this snake species.

Rodents are also a common food for snakes.

Red Mountain Ratsnakes are terrestrial snakes that only live in evergreen forests.

9. Transandean Capuchin Coralsnake

Transandean Capuchin Coralsnake

Scientific name: Micrurus dumerilii

Common name: transandean capuchin coralsnake

This snake species is common in South America. The Transandean Capuchin Coralsnake is highly venomous.

The venom of the species contains powerful neurotoxins which have severe effects on humans.

Partial paralysis, very high levels of pain, nausea, vomiting, headaches, and drooping eyelids are just a few of the effects the venom of this species has.

This snake is also deadly to humans.

The Transandean Capuchin Coralsnakes should be avoided.

It’s identified by its slender body that’s mostly red. Scarce black banding is seen across the body of this species.

Snakes of this species are mostly found in evergreen forests such as rainforests.

They can be seen looking for food which includes young snakes of other species.

10. Neuwied’s False Boa

Neuwied’s False Boa

Scientific name: Pseudoboa neuwiedii

Common name: Neuwied’s false boa, ratonel, ratonera

The Neuwied’s False Boa is a common venomous snake in Northern countries of South America.

This species is highly venomous and even deadly and should not be handled.

It can be identified by its mostly uniform red-brown dorsal coloring. This snake is also known for having a pale color such as pink on its uniform underbelly.

Snakes of this genus grow up to 39 inches.

The most important aspect of this snake is its venom. However, short teeth might prevent it from injecting a lethal amount of venom and piercing human skin.

This snake species is a known constrictor. It suffocates its prey or entangles around it preventing a quick escape before eating it.

Snakes of this species are commonly seen constricting large animals.

11. Wagler’s Sipo

Chironius scurrulus
Chironius scurrulus. Image by Dwain Holmes via inaturalist

Scientific name: Chironius scurrulus

Common name: Wagler’s sipo, smooth machete savane

This species is present in South America, particularly in the Amazon.

It has red and black specks with yellow edges.

The snake appears red-brown as a result. It has a slender head that’s narrower than the rest of the body.

As a terrestrial species, the coloring of Wagler’s Sipo helps it maintain camouflage.

This species is diurnal and not difficult to find in Venezuela and Colombia.

Snakes of this genus eat frogs and lizards from the rainforest.

12. Yucatecan Cantil

Agkistrodon russeolus
Yucatecan Cantil. Image by SALVADOR PENICHE via inaturalist

Scientific name: Agkistrodon russeolus

Common name: Yucatecan cantil, wol-poch,  uol-poch

The Yucatecan Cantil is native to Mexico. This is a venomous pit viper species resembling Cottonmouths.

Snakes of this genus have a heat-sensing gland just behind the nostril.

The species eats amphibians and reptiles.

The snake grows to a maximum size of 39 inches, similarly to Cottonmouths.

Snakes of this genus live up to 10 years.

They use venom to protect themselves. However, their red colors allow these pit vipers to maintain camouflage in the scrub forests they live in.

Females of the species give birth to live young. Up to 10 young snakes are born per female in a mating season.

13. Red Black-headed Snake – Red Snake with Black Head

Red Black-headed Snake

Scientific name: Tantilla rubra

Common name: red black-headed snake

This snake species is native to Mexico. It can be found around Pecos and other rivers.

Its habitat is expanding into Guatemala and North America.

Snakes of this genus are known for an almost uniform dark red color.

They resemble Ring-neck snakes as they have a yellow ring-like marking around the neck.

The head of the species is black and contrasts with its red body.

Snakes of this genus are adapted to all types of terrains and woodlands.

It can live at high altitudes of over 7.000 feet.

Snakes of this genus are mostly known as the Devil snake in their native regions due to their vivid red coloring.

14. Crowned False Boa

Pseudoboa coronata
Crowned False Boa. Image by dhfischer via inaturalist

Scientific name: Pseudoboa coronata

Common name: crowned false boa

This snake is also known as the Amazon Scarlet snake.

It has a dark red dorsal and a bright red, pink, or pale yellow underbelly.

Snakes of this genus are only mildly venomous. They can incur mild skin-level reactions when biting humans, but these aren’t dangerous.

This mildly venomous species is only dangerous to small rodents and similarly-sized prey.

As its name implies, the species is found throughout the Amazon basin. This is now a diminishing habitat which might pose some levels of concern for the species in the future.

Found in Brazil, Colombia, and other South American countries, this snake is terrestrial and easy to find in the rainforest.

Crowned False boas are both diurnal and nocturnal which means they don’t spend a lot of time hiding.

They only prefer to hide when they want to ambush prey and they prefer to lay below logs and rocks.

15. Troschel’s Pampas Snake – Red Snake with Black Spots

Phimophis guianensis
Troschel’s Pampas Snake. Image by Esteban Alzate Basto via inaturalist

Scientific name: Phimophis guianensis

Common name: Troschel’s Pampas snake

This red snake is known for its black head and black markings on its dorsal.

It has a light color underbelly that contrasts its red to brown dorsal.

Part of the Colubridae family, this snake is found in multiple countries of South America.

It lives in Brazil, Colombia, Panama, and other neighboring states.

These snakes are identified by their slender bodies and a maximum size of up to 41 inches.

Most snakes of this family live in savannah and scrubland habitats that aren’t at high elevation.

16. Michoacán Ground Snake

Sonora michoacanensis
Michoacán Ground Snake. Image by Anibal Díaz de la Vega via inaturalist

Scientific name: Sonora michoacanensis

Common name: Michoacán Ground Snake

Native to Mexico, this snake species are found in multiple morphs. It’s most common in a uniform red with black marks on the dorsal.

This morph has a black head and a gray ring-like marking around the head.

Snakes of this genus can also be tricolored.

Sonora is the Nort Eastern territory of Mexico where this snake is more common.

As a ground snake, this species feeds on rodents and lizards. It’s often found in the burrows of various rodents which it may or may not eat.

This species lays eggs in clusters in burrows or just above the ground under leaves or other vegetation.

17. Blue-necked Keelback – Red Snake with Black Stripes

Rhabdophis rhodomelas
Blue-necked Keelback. Image by Tom Kirschey via inaturalist

Scientific name: Rhabdophis rhodomelas

Common name: blue-necked keelback,  blueneck keelback

This species is common in Thailand, Singapore, and Indonesia.

Blue-necked Keelback snakes get their name from the cobra-like neck shape when threatened.

This is a venomous species that should be avoided at all costs.

Known for its red-brown coloring, this species is mostly terrestrial even though it swims as well.

Snakes of this genus use their coloring as camouflage as they make their way through leaves and vegetation on the ground.

This snake can be found in grassland and riparian zones. It prefers habitats close to the water so that a quick escape is always possible when facing a predator.

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