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Bearded dragons are vulnerable to a range of health problems, many of which start from its mouth. A common dental condition in dragons is mouth rot. Bearded dragon mouth rot, clinically referred to as Ulcerative Stomatitis, is a gum and mouth infection inside your dragons mouth which is a result of food stuck between its teeth and small cuts. Untreated mouth rot can be fatal to your beardie, which is why you want to have some knowledge on the symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention.
Mouth rot is diagnosed by noting the symptoms your dragon is experiencing, along with a thorough physical exam and taking note of the bearded dragons medical history.
It's recommended that you check your bearded dragons mouth to see if you can find any food stuck between its teeth or in its gums. Look for cuts in the tissue. If you find cuts or food stuck, then ensure you look for developed systems, which include:
Bearded dragons can get mouth rot due to a range of issues. This is often caused when the immune system becomes weak, which makes it hard to control the bacteria inside the mouth resulting in a oral infection. There are a number of factors that could negatively impact your dragons immune system, but living conditions are usually a large contributing factor.
A stressful environment with improper temperatures, presence of parasites, improper humidity levels, incorrect diet and mouth injuries can all result in mouth rot. Note that mouth rot can be viral, fungal and bacterial.
If ignored the infection spreads to other organs of your bearded dragon which includes the esophagus and the lungs, it can also result in death if not treated effectively.
Your veterinarian will carry out a thorough examination to confirm if your bearded dragon has mouth rot. If confirmed, your dragon will be put on a course of antibiotics and you will be shown how to clean its mouth effectively with antiseptic.
Severe cases may require surgery. The surgery is carried out to remove any dead and damaged tissues. After surgery your dragon will be put on a liquid diet during recovery.
Bear in mind that this is a serious health condition and requires professional treatment, you cannot treat mouth rot effectively on your own. Never give your dragon any human medications, these can be dangerous, if not fatal to your reptile.
There are a number of ways you can prevent the risk of mouth rot, these include:
It's important to get your dragon comfortable with you handling him so you are able to open his mouth gently with confidence. Carry out regular examinations on your dragon and look for problems inside the mouth. Know the signs and symptoms and have your dragon checked if you are concerned. The sooner you can start treatment, the sooner your dragon will be happy and healthy again.