31 Frogs and Toads in Florida: Species, Images & Sounds

Florida offers a unique habitat for frogs and toads. Multiple arboreal, terrestrial, and fossorial species live here.

The state is also home to some of the rarest types of frogs in North America such as The Florida Bog Frog which lives almost exclusively on the secluded East Bay Military Base.

Most frogs and toads also enjoy a long breeding season in Florida. Some of the earliest species start breeding in February here.

Most species present in the state enjoy stable populations. Some frogs and toads are facing diminishing numbers, mainly due to a naturally-diminishing habitat.

Other species of frogs and toads are being eliminated by invasive species such as Cane Toads which drive other species out of the habitat.

Are There Poisonous Frogs and Toads in Florida?

Florida is mostly home to non-poisonous frogs and toads. Most might appear dangerous through coloring, but they have little impact on humans.

However, there are species to stay away from, even if allergic reactions aren’t specific to all people who get in contact with them.

Cane Toads are among the most poisonous toads you can find in Florida. It’s best not to handle these toads and authorities even encourage people to kill them as these toads can kill pets and domesticated animals.

Eastern Spadefoot Toad is also poisonous and native to Florida. It’s best to avoid these types of toads as they lead to reactions similar to allergies such as having red itchy and watery eyes.

The following frogs and toads are found in different regions of Florida throughout the year.

Frogs in Florida

1. Cuban Tree Frog

Cuban Tree Frog

An invasive species in Florida, Cuban Tree Frogs (Osteopilus septentrionalis) are now dominant in Florida.

This is a species that made its way from Cuba to Peninsular Florida.

It grows to size between 2 and 5.5 inches and can be seen in different habitats, on trees, and on the ground.

Estuaries are among the most common habitats for the species. However, this species may be present in suburban areas as well.

Not very active during the day, the Cuban Tree Frog starts to look for food at night.

It can eat almost any type of bug or invertebrate that it can swallow. It also eats all types of other arboreal frogs.

Its ecosystem impact can be considerable. In Florida, the species isn’t as impactful as in other areas such as Hawaii where selling the frog is prohibited by law.

This species is known to have a distinct call that resembles snoring or high-pitched snoring.

Cuban Tree Frog Call

2. Green Treefrog

Green Treefrog

The Green Treefrog (Hyla cinerea) is one of the most common small species in the state.

Many people know this frog by its preference for clean humid habitats and even use it to determine pollution and dirty water levels in its absence.

The species has distinct call sounds which can vary depending on its purpose. Mating calls are long reenk reenk sounds but both males and females can further differentiate other types of warning sounds as well.

Competition for females is characteristic of the species. Male Green Treefrogs show adaptability to attract more females.

The tonality of the call is believed to influence finding a suitable partner.

This is why some male Green Treefrogs can modify their call and even wait for other calls to finish so they don’t interfere with their calls.

Green Treefrog Call

3. Squirrel Treefrog

Squirrel Treefrog

Squirrel Treefrogs (Hyla squirella) are named after their call similar to squirrel chattering.

These are some of the smallest types of frogs in Florida as they measure 1 to 1.5 inches at most.

The green frogs are only seen either during the rain or soon after it rains. Locally, the species may also be referred to as The Rain Frog.

This species lives in coastal areas, marshes, and in other areas with sufficient humidity and food.

You can identify the species both during the day and during the night. While an officially-nocturnal species, Squirrel Treefrogs don’t back away from an insect meal during the day.

Squirrell Treefrogs have a light green dorsal color and a white ventral color. The species might also come in a dark green uniform color or a dark green and spotted color combination.

Dark green morphs tend to be secondary to light green coloring.

You can identify them in various habitats starting with the early days of March.

Squirrel Treefrog Call

4. Greenhouse Frog

Greenhouse Frog

The Greenhouse Frog (Eleutherodactylus planirostris) has a distinct call among Florida species. Its high-pitch call resembles the squeaking sound of sneakers on slippery floors.

You can find Greenhouse Frogs in almost all areas of Peninsular Florida.

Greenhouse Frogs aren’t native to Florida. As Cuban Tree Frogs, Greenhouse Frogs are native to Cuba.

While an introduced species, Greenhouse Frogs don’t have the same invasive role in the ecosystem as the Cuban Tree Frogs.

Ants and insects are part of the daily diet of Greenhouse Frogs.

This species has a green-to-brown color. Brown nuances tend to be more visible on the dorsal side of the frog as it grows.

The head of the Greenhouse Frog shows a distinct light brown triangle mark.

Reduced size and the common nature of the species also make it common prey to different predatory species.

Ringneck snakes are among the common snakes that eat Greenhouse Frogs.

Greenhouse Frog Call

5. Southern Leopard Frog

Southern Leopard Frog

Southern Leopard Frogs (Lithobates sphenocephalus) get their name from the brown spots on their green bodies, which resemble leopard coloring.

This contrasting species only has green coloring on the central dorsal side while its sides have a gray-white color with brown blotches.

Southern Leopard Frogs are a high-pitch species. They have a call noise similar to squeaky balloons.

This species is mostly found next to water sources except in the hottest summer months when it moves to dry land.

It can survive long periods on dry land.

This species is known to take a long to mature from tadpoles. It can take up to 75 days for Southern Leopard Frog tadpoles to mature.

Since they can live next to the water and away from the water, these frogs can eat crayfish, small fish, flies, and spiders.

Southern Leopard Frog Call

6. Southern Cricket Frog

Southern Cricket Frog

Not all frogs in Florida live in woodlands. Some prefer full sun exposure habitats.

This (Acris gryllus) is also the case of the Southern Cricket Frog, a species that only lives in Southeastern US parts and most regions of Florida.

Swamps are among the most common areas for the species, together with ponds.

Warm weather makes this species a constant presence throughout the year here.

Southern Cricket Frogs breed at least twice per year, periods when they are heard and spotted around sources of water calling for female males.

The male frog has rapid consecutive gick-gick calls.

Females respond to males and lay more than 100 eggs after mating.

The species is a generalist feeder. Flies, spiders, and different other types of insects are part of its diet.

You can identify this frog by its dark brown color, its dark central dorsal green stripe, and by its warts.

Southern Cricket Frog Call

7. Pine Woods Tree Frog

Pine Woods Tree Frog

Pine Woods Tree Frogs (Hyla femoralis) live in different areas of Florida. They prefer pine and cypress as they’re mostly arboreal and similar to Squirrel Frogs.

This species has a brown or red-brown color and a small body. Many Pine Woods Tree Frogs only grow up to a size of 0.9 inches, with the largest members of the species measuring around 1.5 inches.

Frogs of this family spend their time on trees but can also come down on the ground for food and mating.

Males call for females with a staccato beep, beep, beep call.

Females respond and find their mates. The female Pine Wood Tree Frog lays up to a couple of thousand eggs soon after mating.

This mating period is long in Florida as it lasts up to November.

Females of the species are also responsible for finding a suitable safe spot to lay eggs in water.

Some research suggests emerging Pine Woods Tree Frogs that face more predators never truly grow as much as those that aren’t exposed to predators not to attract attention.

8. American Bullfrog

American Bullfrog

American Bullfrogs (Lithobates catesbeianus) are some of the most important species in the state.

These large frogs are known for having very low calls, often compared to baritones dum, dum choruses.

Calls of the American Bullfrog are known to last long. There are also small variations of these calls, which can sometimes be interpreted as male-to-male aggression.

This species is known as the largest type of frog in America. Its size varies but the largest American Bullfrogs can measure more than 6 inches.

The weight of the species is also considerable, given its size. Some of the larger American Bullfrogs weigh more than 1lb.

Known for its green and olive-green coloring, this species plays a key role in the ecosystem as it’s seen as food for different types of Florida birds.

The frog is present in ponds, lakes, and swamps. It has one of the loudest calls of all frogs in Florida.

This also attracts the attention of different types of birds, especially since American Bullfrogs call both during the day and at night.

American Bullfrog Call

9. Pig Frog

Pig Frog

Pig Frogs (Lithobates grylio) are also known as Southern Bullfrogs in Florida.

This is a species dominated by green coloring with brown dorsal spots. The frogs have yellow ventral coloring.

This species is also one of the larger frogs in the state. While not as large as The American Bullfrog, Pig Frogs can still grow to a size of 5 inches.

An aquatic profile is specific to these frogs. They live in water and cypress swamps.

Since they spend most of their time in the water, these frogs mainly feed on fish and crayfish. They can also eat insects.

Constant numbers of Pig Frogs are noted around the state. This species is established in different habitats and it breeds in high numbers from spring to late summer.

Named after pigs, this type of frog makes grut, grut, grut-like calls.

Females lay thousands of eggs at a time direct on water after mating.

10. Barking Treefrog

Barking Treefrog

Barking Treefrogs (Hyla gratiosa) have a base green color with brown blotches.

Less common than the American Bullfrog, this is still an established species that mates in high numbers.

Mating periods last from March to the end of the summer with high activity levels being specific to the summer.

This is the time when the Barking Treefrog can be heard calling. Its call resembled a dog bark and it has donk, donk, donk, repeated calls.

Barking Treefrogs are among the species that call from water.

This species is primarily found on the coastlines of Florida.

However, mating periods mark a time when these frogs look for temporary bodies of water as they’re safer without any fish.

11. Green Frog

Green Frog

A large frog species, Green Frogs (Lithobates clamitans) have a deep tong, tong, call, similar to the pinching of a string.

Adapted to living in water and on dry land, this species lives in wetlands, next to streams and other water sources.

Green frogs spend much of their time looking for food.

A combination of fish and insects is part of their diet.

Small snakes and even tadpoles are part of their extended diet.

Green Frogs mate from spring to summer.

Female Green Frogs are known to be picky when it comes to finding the right male mate.

The male mates with deep calls, a large size, and physical territorial dominance are favored by females.

It can even take a few days for the female to settle on the right male.

12. Cope’s Gray Treefrog

Cope’s Gray Treefrog

Cope’s Gray Treefrogs (Hyla chrysoscelis) have varying colors. It can be green, white, gray, or dark gray.

White and orange ventral coloring is also specific to this species.

Many Cope’s Gray Treefrogs have a green color with irregular dark dorsal patterns.

This species is most common in Florida and Southeastern US.

Male choruses are heard in the mating season, which typically starts in May and lasts up until August.

These frogs have a trill, trill, trill mating call.

Most of these frogs are found in woodlands, and on trees. Mature woodlands are the ideal habitat for the species over scarce tree areas and young woodlands.

Established woodlands next to permanent bodies of water are among the most common spaces of the species.

Cope’s Gray Treefrogs are highly common around Florida’s woodlands in the summer but they aren’t seen outside the mating season.

13. Little Grass Frog

Little Grass Frog

The brown color is specific to the Little Grass Frog (Pseudacris ocularis).

This species has multiple colored nuances such as brown-red or brown-pink.

Permanent and temporary bodies of water are common habitats for the Little Grass Frog.

This species is among those that are highly active in the summer but remain active and even breed throughout the year in Florida.

The call of the species is similar to the noises made by insects. It has a first deeper part followed by a high-pitched second part.

Little Grass Frogs are smaller than other Florida species but rely on vivid coloring to appear poisonous and keep predators away.

These frogs can also jump very long distances compared to their size which means they can also make a quick escape when necessary.

The biggest defensive advantage of this frog represents its ability to match its color to the color of its habitat.

14. Gopher Frog

Gopher Frog

Gopher Frogs (Lithobates capito) live in some of the hottest parts of woodlands and breed in areas with temporary water accumulation.

This species can travel almost 2 miles from its native pond, which is considered a long distance for frogs.

Red and black color is specific to the species.

While a vividly-colored species, Gopher Frogs spend much of their lives underground.

They often share the burrows of other frogs and vertebrates.

Since they live in the ground, these frogs are often in a situation where they can catch and eat roaches, worms, spiders, and other smaller frogs.

They often nest with turtles but may even end up eaten by turtles.

Gopher Frogs tend to absorb much of their surrounding toxins through their skin. This is why the species is used to determine possible contamination or changes in the habitat.

The call of these frogs can sometimes resemble snoring.

15. Spring Peeper

Spring Peeper

Spring Peepers (Pseudacris crucifer) are still abundant in Florida and threatened in other states.

This species has gray, brown, or green coloring with a distinct X-shaped dorsal mark.

Spring Peepers are also some of the smallest types of frogs in Florida. This species has a minimum size o 0.7 inches and a maximum size of 1.2 inches.

The call of this species sets it apart from all other Florida frogs. Spring Peepers small bell-like calls.

Spring Peeper Call

This call lasts about a second.

Spring Peepers have an expansive habitat across North America with the most Southern habitat being Northern Florida.

These small frogs have a limited diet taking their size into account. They are seen as insectivores, mostly feeding on flies and ants.

While a common species in the state, these small frogs are rarely seen. Nocturnal by nature, they only move around in vegetation around water at night.

Diminishing wetlands across the state remain one of the largest habitat threats to the species.

16. River Frog

Lithobates heckscheri
River Frog

River Frogs (Lithobates heckscheri) are native to Southeastern US habitats around The Gulf Coast.

The frog can be found around streams, ponds, rivers, and marshes of the state.

River Frogs are noted among the largest species of Florida as the largest frogs of this family measures around 5 inches.

Most frogs in the state only measure 3.5-4 inches.

This species is active throughout the year in Florida. It tends to hide in water when temperatures are lower.

River Frogs are freshwater frogs that are also elusive to humans. Like most frogs, River Frogs only come out at night.

Florida marshes are some of the areas where the species remains abundant, even if not spotted outside of its mating rituals.

It’s during the mating rituals that the calls of the species are heard. They resemble deep voice snoring sounds.

River Frogs are endangered in other Southeastern habitats, including former areas where it was present in high numbers such as North Carolina.

17. Ornate Chorus Frog

Ornate Chorus Frog

Gray and black color combinations dominate the Ornate Chorus Frog (Pseudacris ornata). This species also comes in other colors and most of them are coupled with yellow ventral coloring.

Green and brown morphs are further distinguished on these frogs.

Like some of the smaller Florida frogs, Ornate Chorus Frogs grow to a size of up to 1.5 inches.

Largely absent from Southern Florida, Ornate Chorus Frogs are present in high numbers in cypress ponds and sandy areas in central and Northern Florida.

This small species is only seen during its early mating season. Ornate Chorus Frogs start breeding sooner than other Florida species.

The mating season of the frogs lasts from December to March.

You can hear a distinct metallic call in the areas the Ornate Chorus Frog is mating in. This is a tink, tink, tink repeatable sound.

Female Ornate Chorus Frogs lay fewer eggs than other species after mating.

Up to 100 eggs are laid by the female in the water.

18. Southern Chorus Frog

Southern Chorus Frog

Southern Chorus Frogs (Pseudacris nigrita) have a gray or brown color with or without black dorsal marks.

This species also has lateral black stripes and an upper white or cream lip.

These small frogs breed in the winter and are mostly found near shallow bodies of water.

Small Southern Chorus Frogs show a different call to other species in the state. Continuous chirp-like sounds are specific to this species which sounds like a bird when calling.

Compared to other chorus frogs, Southern Chorus Frogs are known for having a limited habitat across Florida and other nearby states such as Georgia.

The species is mostly known for being one of the dark chorus frogs of Florida.

It rarely catches the eyes of people as it only comes out at night.

19. Upland Chorus Frog

Pseudacris feriarum
Upland Chorus Frog

Upland Chorus Frogs (Pseudacris feriarum) are only present in moderate vegetation habitats near sources of water in Northwestern parts of Florida.

Its status in the state is still constant, but the species is threatened in other states.

This is a type of chorus frog with a reduced size. Most of these frogs measure up to 1 inch and are only visible or audible when it rains.

High-frequency tink, tink, tink calls are specific to the species which may resemble singing birds from distance.

Dark colors such as dark green and dark gray are the main nuances of the Upland Chorus Frog.

This species also adapts its colors to the colors of its environment.

A nocturnal species, the Upland Chorus Frog may sometimes be spotted during its mating season, when males gather in choruses.

This species mates from February until March, being among the first frogs in Florida to mate.

20. Bird-voiced Treefrog

Bird-voiced Treefrog

Bird-voiced Treefrogs (Hyla avivoca) are a common sight across Florida. This is one of the few species of frogs that grows up to 2 inches as Florida frogs grow to 1.5 inches or more a larger size of at least 3.5 inches.

The Bird-voiced Treefrog has varying colors and patterns.

A gray base color with dark grey patches and a green central dorsal area is specific to the species.

A cross-shaped dark mark may or may not be present on its dorsal side as well.

As its name implies, this is a species that only lives on trees. It comes down for mating and it does this at night.

The mating season of the species is similar to the mating season of other frogs, starting in the spring and lasting through the summer.

This type of tree frog is named after its bird-like mating call.

Quick wit, wit, wit, wit consecutive sounds are specific to this frog.

Females lay eggs soon after mating. The number of eggs varies but it’s still one of the species that lays a reduced number of eggs across the state.

Bird-voiced Treefrog Call

21. Pine Barrens Treefrog

Pine Barrens Treefrog

Pine Barrens Treefrogs (Hyla andersonii) are some of the rarest types of frogs common in Florida and less common in other states.

The species only lives in the Northwestern habitats of the state. Up until recently, it was considered an almost extinct species until its Florida populations were encountered.

One of the easiest methods of differentiating Pine Barrens Treefrogs from other treefrogs is by its purple wide lateral bands.

Its main color is green but purple stripes with white bands on the sides make the species stand out.

Pine Barrens Treefrogs are known to live in areas with plenty of thick moss and high humidity.

These types of frogs are exclusively seen during the mating season.

It’s at this time that their deep wank, wank call is heard.

The main problem of the species is these areas are becoming rare.

Another problem Pine Barrens Treefrogs face is living in scattered groups of populations across the Southeastern United States.

22. Northern Cricket Frog

Northern Cricket Frog

Northern Cricket Frogs (Acris crepitans) are among the few diurnal species in Florida.

There are at least 6 color morphs of the species. The green and brown color of the species seems dominant.

While a treefrog by nature, this species spends most of its time on the ground.

It prefers habitats with dense vegetation where it can hide and look for food during the day.

Spiders are among the preferred prey for the frog.

These types of frogs aren’t capable of climbing and they need to look for food on the ground.

This is why they are also darker, typically congruent with the colors of their natural habitat.

High levels of aggression are specific for males of the species, typically during the mating season.

Only the loudest males get to attract females.

The call of these males resembles the sound of marbles hitting each other.

Northern Cricket Frog Call

23. Florida Bog Frog

Lithobates okaloosae
Florida Bog Frog. Image by evangrimes via inaturalist

Not much is known about the Florida Bog Frog (Lithobates okaloosae) as this species is present in an enclosed habitat of the

East bay military base.

This Western Air Force Base is closed off to the public but it’s also a conservation area for the rare Florida Bog Frog.

Native to Florida and only found here, this is a type of frog that grows to a size between 1 and 2 inches.

The species has a light green color but it also comes in a dark green morph.

Only rarely seen, this species is known to have chucking-like male calls.

This species is not threatened in the state and it’s generally associated with ponds, streams, and bends in streams with plenty of vegetation.

Swamp titi is among the most common types of vegetation these frogs are seen around.

Highly secretive by habitat, these types of frogs are believed to only eat insects.

24. Common Coqui

Common Coqui

Common Coqui (Eleutherodactylus coqui) is an introduced species with an almost eradicated status in Florida.

This species has been introduced in a few Central American countries as well as in Florida where its populations are at an all-time low over the past years.

The frog can be identified by its brown color. This is a gray-brown color, specific to a ground-dweller.

However, these frogs can also climb trees, especially in times of high humidity.

High levels of male-to-male aggression signal the only period when the Common Coqui might still be spotted in remote areas of the state.

Males enter into direct calling competition trying to call louder and more frequently than other males to attract more females.

The call of the species is described as a repetitive cokee, cokee sound, which inspires its name.

These frogs have a diverse diet specific to frogs that can climb. It includes insects, spiders, and moths.

Common Coqui Call

25. Carpenter Frog

Lithobates virgatipes
Carpenter Frog

Small populations of Carpenter Frogs (Lithobates virgatipes) exist in the Northeastern areas of Florida.

Acid swamps, ponds, cypress swamps, ditches, and canals are all areas where the frog can be found.

This species has a dark brown color with or without black spots which may not be easy to spot given its dark color.

Carpenter Frogs have an early mating season that starts in April.

Male frogs call for females with a bang, bang, bang hammer-like sound.

This repetitive call is to the advantage of larger males that have a deeper tone.

Research shows some males are calling every night during the 3-month mating period of the Carpenter Frog.

Other males only call a few times. Up to 94 calls are specific to this species in its mating period.

All of these calls are heard at night.

The result is males find a mate and females lay up to 600 eggs after mating.

Toads in Florida

26. Cane Toad

Cane Toad

Cane Toads (Rhinella marina) have an introduced species status in Florida. They have been established after multiple attempts between Tampa and the Florida Keys.

This is one of the largest toads in the state. Larger females can grow up to 6 inches.

Cane Toads have been introduced to control crop pets such as the cane beetle.

Large size and growing appetite make cane toads some of the most successful biological control agents in the state and around the world.

The species has also become a pest and it tends to damage local ecosystems in introduced areas.

Cane Toads are also poisonous. Both the adult toad and the tadpoles are poisonous to wild and domesticated animals, mostly to dogs.

The species has been traditionally milked for arrow poisonous in its natural South American habitat.

Cane toad call

Cane toads make high-frequency repeated long calls. They have a rolling sound that lasts seconds.

These large toads have a diverse diet. It includes rodents, reptiles, earwigs, beetles, and even bats.

While many of its insect and invertebrate prey bugs are pests, the species is considered a concern in the state of Florida.

Local authorities recommend residents kill these toads on their properties given they are poisonous to pets.

27. Southern Toad

Southern Toad

Florida’s coastal plains are known habitats for the Southern Toad (Anaxyrus terrestris). This is a species that grows to 3 inches and which has a green, gray-green, brown, and black color.

The Southern Toad is in direct food competition with Cane Toads, a competition this toad loses.

As a result, Southern Toads are only present in high numbers in areas of Florida where Cane Toads aren’t present.

This species is carnivorous and nocturnal. It comes out at night to look for invertebrates.

An adaptable species, the Southern Toad thrives in areas where there’s no direct competition with other toads.

Mating calls of the Southern Toad are often compared to a trill that lasts seconds.

In some conditions, the call of the species can be similar to the call of The American Toad.

Female Southern Toads are some of the species that lay thousands of eggs after mating.

Up to 4.000 eggs can be laid by a female after mating.

The mating season of the species is long in the state. It lasts from early February to late fall.

Southern Toads can’t be seen outside the mating season as they prefer to hide either in the ground or under vegetation during the day.

28. Fowler’s Toad

Fowler’s Toad

Fowler’s Toads (Anaxyrus fowleri) have white, gray, green, and even orange coloring mimicking their natural habitat.

This is a toad species that eat insects and invertebrates and not other prey such as rodents and worms.

Toads of this family around found in woodlands and on beaches in the state.

Some populations exist in Northwestern Florida while others live in the Northeastern habitats of the state.

The toad has a small size which measures just over 2 inches with some of the largest members of the species holding a record size of 3 inches.

Multiple predators are associated with the species. Snakes and birds are among the predators that eat the toad.

In return, the toad uses different methods to defend itself, including relying on the ability to play dead.

This type of toad is also known to be poisonous. It has a repelling taste to some predators as it releases noxious substances.

While not the most dangerous species to humans, Fowler’s Toads may kill small mammals trying to eat them and it may also kill small pets.

The resilient nature of the species is also seen in its capacity to eat stinging ants which have no impact on it.

This species breeds multiple times per season, particularly in the spring.

Males have a sheep bleat-like mating call and females respond. The female toad can lay up to 10.000 eggs.

29. Oak Toad

Oak Toad

Oak Toads (Anaxyrus quercicus) are a widespread species but are seen as one of the smallest types of toads in Florida and other states.

Only measuring 0.7 to 1.3 inches, Oak Toads might also be smaller than some species of frogs.

Sandy pine flatwoods represent the ideal habitat for this species in Florida and other Southeastern regions of the US.

This type of small toad uses different defensive tactics against predators such as snakes.

It has a chirping-like mating call which is also a sound it makes whenever threatened. The male toad can make this chirping sound at high frequency with threats.

The species also releases toxins which it uses against predators.

Oak toad eggs are also among the few types of toad eggs which also have toxins, albeit to a lesser extent compared to the toxins of the toads.

The species also use urination as a last effort to keep predators away.

Oak Toads are mostly active during the mating season which starts in April.

Unlike other toads and frogs in Florida, Oak Toads are diurnal and may sometimes be seen but they prefer to hide in loose soil or vegetation when seeing people.

Oak Toads also live less than other Florida toads. It’s estimated the average Oak Toad only lives up to 2 years.

30. Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad

Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toad

Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toads (Gastrophryne carolinensis) come in brown, gray, and green colors.

The coloring of the species is influenced by its habitat as well as by its activities. The species can be identified by its pear or tear-shaped body.

This species lives in open woods, swaps, and loose soil as a burrowing species.

It tends to shy away from humans and it often retreats to its burrows when it senses a threat.

The species also releases noxious compounds to keep predators away.

As a fossorial species, Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toads cannot eat as many flying insects as other species.

Most of their diet is represented by various species of ants.

This species is also quite small compared to other toads in North America.

Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toads rarely grow to a size of more than 1 inch.

This species might be spotted outs of its burrows during the mating season.

Males gather next to water sources and call for females. The call of the species resembles some of the calls larger toads have.

Eastern Narrow-mouthed Toads have a long wah, wah call which is repeated after short pauses of at least 1-2 seconds.

31. Eastern Spadefoot

Eastern Spadefoot

Eastern Spadefoot Toads (Scaphiopus holbrookii) are a species of fossorial toads found in Florida except for the Southernmost points of the peninsula.

This species is fossorial, spending much of its time hiding in the ground.

Seen in olive green, gray, and even rust-red colors, Eastern Spadefoot Toads are among the species with poisonous skin compounds.

These compounds make people react differently while some people might not react at all.

However, a good number of people handling these toads show allergic reactions such as having a runny nose.

Red itchy eyes and itchy hands are also common symptoms associated with handling the Eastern Spadefoot.

The highest chance of encountering this species is when it comes out of the ground to mate.

Toads of this family might be encountered in ditches around coastal areas. Multiple body warts confirm the species and alert people not to touch them due to their poisonous skin.

Females are often seen in shallow temporary bodies of water where they can lay up to a few thousand eggs at once.

Females always find males based on their call.

Male toads have low-pitched woah, woah call. They always take at least a few seconds between calls.